Metals

Metals are important components in many industrial and commercial products such as car bodies, aircrafts, or bearings, and other materials of construction. Deposited in thin layers, they are also used in the processing of glasses, in semiconductor industry, electronics or in life sciences. The analytical issues range from the characterization of adsorbed materials via layer elucidation of multilayer metal oxide systems to the investigation of grain boundaries. Other typical analytical issues are:

  • Identification of residues in the rolling process
  • Identification of adsorbates and trace impurities
  • Diffusion along grain boundaries
  • Corrosion of metal layers
  • Analysis of surface topography
  • Determination of layer thickness
  • Determination of the oxidation state
  • Identification of material inclusions
  • Discolourations
  • ...

Case Studies