Coatings are used to protect surfaces from corrosion and mechanical damage, enhance stability, impart surface functionalization, and improve aesthetics.  Quite often, the coating systems are highly formulated and must wet and adhere to a variety of substrates (e.g., metal, glass, or polymers). Therefore, the formulations must meet high production standards. The characterization of point defects and the investigation of adhesive problems are among the most common issues to be resolved by surface analysis:


  • Quality control of raw materials
  • Identification of individual components (binders, additives)
  • Determination of layer structure
  • Surface topography
  • Adhesion behavior
  • Crater formation
  • Discoloration and staining
  • Particles
  • ...

Case Studies